Laravel 8 Ajax CRUD with example

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In this post, you will learn how to make Laravel 8 AJAX CRUD application with example. So guys, we will be inserting the data into database without page reload/refresh using jQuery Ajax in Laravel, fetch data, Edit and Update data into database without page reload/refresh using jQuery Ajax and Finally we will delete data by confirming it without page reload/refresh using jQuery Ajax in Laravel 8.

So guys, lets get started:

Step 1: Create a Laravel 8 Project as follows:

$ composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel fundaapp "8.0.*"

Step 2: Give the Database connection as follows:

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=your_database
DB_USERNAME=root
DB_PASSWORD=

Step 3: Setup the boot function in AppServiceProvider.php in following path: app/Providers/AppServiceProvider.php as given below:

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

public function boot()
{
    Schema::defaultStringLength(191);
}

Step 4: Lets create model, migration and controller by the following command:

$ php artisan make:model Student -mc

-mc = m stands for Migration, stands for Controller.

after the execution of the above command, you will find your model, migration and controller of Student.

Step 5: Go to the Student Migration (student table) just you created in STEP 4Now lets move to its following path: database/migrations/ 2021_06_10_161110_create_students_table.php and add your fields below code: 

public function up()
{
    Schema::create('students'function (Blueprint $table) {
        $table->id();
        $table->string('name');
        $table->string('course');
        $table->string('email');
        $table->string('phone');
        $table->timestamps();
    });
}

After creating all the fields in your above students table, let's give a command to migrate into the database as follows.

$ php artisan migrate

Step 6: Now, let's go to Student Model in following path: app/Models/Student.php and paste the below code to specify its table and columns fields.

class Student extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;
    protected $table = 'students';
    protected $fillable = [
        'name',
        'course',
        'email',
        'phone',
    ];
}

Step 7: Go to the Student Controller in following path: app/Http/Controllers/StudentController.php and paste the below code:

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Models\Student;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Validator;

class StudentController extends Controller
{
    public function index()
    {
        return view('student.index');
    }

    public function fetchstudent()
    {
        $students = Student::all();
        return response()->json([
            'students'=>$students,
        ]);
    }

    public function store(Request $request)
    {
        $validator = Validator::make($request->all(), [
            'name'=> 'required|max:191',
            'course'=>'required|max:191',
            'email'=>'required|email|max:191',
            'phone'=>'required|max:10|min:10',
        ]);

        if($validator->fails())
        {
            return response()->json([
                'status'=>400,
                'errors'=>$validator->messages()
            ]);
        }
        else
        {
            $student = new Student;
            $student->name = $request->input('name');
            $student->course = $request->input('course');
            $student->email = $request->input('email');
            $student->phone = $request->input('phone');
            $student->save();
            return response()->json([
                'status'=>200,
                'message'=>'Student Added Successfully.'
            ]);
        }

    }

    public function edit($id)
    {
        $student = Student::find($id);
        if($student)
        {
            return response()->json([
                'status'=>200,
                'student'=> $student,
            ]);
        }
        else
        {
            return response()->json([
                'status'=>404,
                'message'=>'No Student Found.'
            ]);
        }

    }

    public function update(Request $request$id)
    {
        $validator = Validator::make($request->all(), [
            'name'=> 'required|max:191',
            'course'=>'required|max:191',
            'email'=>'required|email|max:191',
            'phone'=>'required|max:10|min:10',
        ]);

        if($validator->fails())
        {
            return response()->json([
                'status'=>400,
                'errors'=>$validator->messages()
            ]);
        }
        else
        {
            $student = Student::find($id);
            if($student)
            {
                $student->name = $request->input('name');
                $student->course = $request->input('course');
                $student->email = $request->input('email');
                $student->phone = $request->input('phone');
                $student->update();
                return response()->json([
                    'status'=>200,
                    'message'=>'Student Updated Successfully.'
                ]);
            }
            else
            {
                return response()->json([
                    'status'=>404,
                    'message'=>'No Student Found.'
                ]);
            }

        }
    }

    public function destroy($id)
    {
        $student = Student::find($id);
        if($student)
        {
            $student->delete();
            return response()->json([
                'status'=>200,
                'message'=>'Student Deleted Successfully.'
            ]);
        }
        else
        {
            return response()->json([
                'status'=>404,
                'message'=>'No Student Found.'
            ]);
        }
    }
}

Step 8: Create a routes to call all the request in the following path: routes/web.php as follows:

<?php

use App\Http\Controllers\StudentController;

Route::get('students', [StudentController::class'index']);
Route::post('students', [StudentController::class'store']);
Route::get('fetch-students', [StudentController::class'fetchstudent']);
Route::get('edit-student/{id}', [StudentController::class'edit']);
Route::put('update-student/{id}', [StudentController::class'update']);
Route::delete('delete-student/{id}', [StudentController::class'destroy']);

Step 9: Create a blade file to view all data in html table, insert form, edit update form and delete form in the following path: resources/views/student/index.blade.php file as follows.  

@extends('layouts.app')

@section('content')

{{-- Add Modal --}}
<div class="modal fade" id="AddStudentModal" tabindex="-1" aria-labelledby="AddStudentModalLabel" aria-hidden="true">
    <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
            <div class="modal-header">
                <h5 class="modal-title" id="AddStudentModalLabel">Add Student Data</h5>
                <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close"></button>
            </div>
            <div class="modal-body">

                <ul id="save_msgList"></ul>

                <div class="form-group mb-3">
                    <label for="">Full Name</label>
                    <input type="text" required class="name form-control">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group mb-3">
                    <label for="">Course</label>
                    <input type="text" required class="course form-control">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group mb-3">
                    <label for="">Email</label>
                    <input type="text" required class="email form-control">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group mb-3">
                    <label for="">Phone No</label>
                    <input type="text" required class="phone form-control">
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="modal-footer">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary add_student">Save</button>
            </div>

        </div>
    </div>
</div>


{{-- Edit Modal --}}
<div class="modal fade" id="editModal" tabindex="-1" aria-labelledby="editModalLabel" aria-hidden="true">
    <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
            <div class="modal-header">
                <h5 class="modal-title" id="editModalLabel">Edit & Update Student Data</h5>
                <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close"></button>
            </div>

            <div class="modal-body">

                <ul id="update_msgList"></ul>

                <input type="hidden" id="stud_id" />

                <div class="form-group mb-3">
                    <label for="">Full Name</label>
                    <input type="text" id="name" required class="form-control">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group mb-3">
                    <label for="">Course</label>
                    <input type="text" id="course" required class="form-control">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group mb-3">
                    <label for="">Email</label>
                    <input type="text" id="email" required class="form-control">
                </div>
                <div class="form-group mb-3">
                    <label for="">Phone No</label>
                    <input type="text" id="phone" required class="form-control">
                </div>
            </div>
            <div class="modal-footer">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
                <button type="submit" class="btn btn-primary update_student">Update</button>
            </div>

        </div>
    </div>
</div>
{{-- Edn- Edit Modal --}}


{{-- Delete Modal --}}
<div class="modal fade" id="DeleteModal" tabindex="-1" aria-labelledby="exampleModalLabel" aria-hidden="true">
    <div class="modal-dialog">
        <div class="modal-content">
            <div class="modal-header">
                <h5 class="modal-title" id="exampleModalLabel">Delete Student Data</h5>
                <button type="button" class="btn-close" data-bs-dismiss="modal" aria-label="Close"></button>
            </div>
            <div class="modal-body">
                <h4>Confirm to Delete Data ?</h4>
                <input type="hidden" id="deleteing_id">
            </div>
            <div class="modal-footer">
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-secondary" data-bs-dismiss="modal">Close</button>
                <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary delete_student">Yes Delete</button>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>
{{-- End - Delete Modal --}}

<div class="container py-5">
    <div class="row">
        <div class="col-md-12">

            <div id="success_message"></div>

            <div class="card">
                <div class="card-header">
                    <h4>
                        Student Data
                        <button type="button" class="btn btn-primary float-end" data-bs-toggle="modal"
                            data-bs-target="#AddStudentModal">Add Student</button>
                    </h4>
                </div>
                <div class="card-body">
                    <table class="table table-bordered">
                        <thead>
                            <tr>
                                <th>ID</th>
                                <th>Name</th>
                                <th>Course</th>
                                <th>Email</th>
                                <th>Phone</th>
                                <th>Edit</th>
                                <th>Delete</th>
                            </tr>
                        </thead>
                        <tbody>
                        </tbody>
                    </table>
                </div>
            </div>
        </div>
    </div>
</div>

@endsection

@section('scripts')

<script>
    $(document).ready(function () {

        fetchstudent();

        function fetchstudent() {
            $.ajax({
                type: "GET",
                url: "/fetch-students",
                dataType: "json",
                success: function (response) {
                    // console.log(response);
                    $('tbody').html("");
                    $.each(response.studentsfunction (keyitem) {
                        $('tbody').append('<tr>\
                            <td>' + item.id + '</td>\
                            <td>' + item.name + '</td>\
                            <td>' + item.course + '</td>\
                            <td>' + item.email + '</td>\
                            <td>' + item.phone + '</td>\
                            <td><button type="button" value="' + item.id + '" class="btn btn-primary editbtn btn-sm">Edit</button></td>\
                            <td><button type="button" value="' + item.id + '" class="btn btn-danger deletebtn btn-sm">Delete</button></td>\
                        \</tr>');
                    });
                }
            });
        }

        $(document).on('click''.add_student'function (e) {
            e.preventDefault();

            $(this).text('Sending..');

            var data = {
                'name': $('.name').val(),
                'course': $('.course').val(),
                'email': $('.email').val(),
                'phone': $('.phone').val(),
            }

            $.ajaxSetup({
                headers: {
                    'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
                }
            });

            $.ajax({
                type: "POST",
                url: "/students",
                data: data,
                dataType: "json",
                success: function (response) {
                    // console.log(response);
                    if (response.status == 400) {
                        $('#save_msgList').html("");
                        $('#save_msgList').addClass('alert alert-danger');
                        $.each(response.errorsfunction (keyerr_value) {
                            $('#save_msgList').append('<li>' + err_value + '</li>');
                        });
                        $('.add_student').text('Save');
                    } else {
                        $('#save_msgList').html("");
                        $('#success_message').addClass('alert alert-success');
                        $('#success_message').text(response.message);
                        $('#AddStudentModal').find('input').val('');
                        $('.add_student').text('Save');
                        $('#AddStudentModal').modal('hide');
                        fetchstudent();
                    }
                }
            });

        });

        $(document).on('click''.editbtn'function (e) {
            e.preventDefault();
            var stud_id = $(this).val();
            // alert(stud_id);
            $('#editModal').modal('show');
            $.ajax({
                type: "GET",
                url: "/edit-student/" + stud_id,
                success: function (response) {
                    if (response.status == 404) {
                        $('#success_message').addClass('alert alert-success');
                        $('#success_message').text(response.message);
                        $('#editModal').modal('hide');
                    } else {
                        // console.log(response.student.name);
                        $('#name').val(response.student.name);
                        $('#course').val(response.student.course);
                        $('#email').val(response.student.email);
                        $('#phone').val(response.student.phone);
                        $('#stud_id').val(stud_id);
                    }
                }
            });
            $('.btn-close').find('input').val('');

        });

        $(document).on('click''.update_student'function (e) {
            e.preventDefault();

            $(this).text('Updating..');
            var id = $('#stud_id').val();
            // alert(id);

            var data = {
                'name': $('#name').val(),
                'course': $('#course').val(),
                'email': $('#email').val(),
                'phone': $('#phone').val(),
            }

            $.ajaxSetup({
                headers: {
                    'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
                }
            });

            $.ajax({
                type: "PUT",
                url: "/update-student/" + id,
                data: data,
                dataType: "json",
                success: function (response) {
                    // console.log(response);
                    if (response.status == 400) {
                        $('#update_msgList').html("");
                        $('#update_msgList').addClass('alert alert-danger');
                        $.each(response.errorsfunction (keyerr_value) {
                            $('#update_msgList').append('<li>' + err_value +
                                '</li>');
                        });
                        $('.update_student').text('Update');
                    } else {
                        $('#update_msgList').html("");

                        $('#success_message').addClass('alert alert-success');
                        $('#success_message').text(response.message);
                        $('#editModal').find('input').val('');
                        $('.update_student').text('Update');
                        $('#editModal').modal('hide');
                        fetchstudent();
                    }
                }
            });

        });

        $(document).on('click''.deletebtn'function () {
            var stud_id = $(this).val();
            $('#DeleteModal').modal('show');
            $('#deleteing_id').val(stud_id);
        });

        $(document).on('click''.delete_student'function (e) {
            e.preventDefault();

            $(this).text('Deleting..');
            var id = $('#deleteing_id').val();

            $.ajaxSetup({
                headers: {
                    'X-CSRF-TOKEN': $('meta[name="csrf-token"]').attr('content')
                }
            });

            $.ajax({
                type: "DELETE",
                url: "/delete-student/" + id,
                dataType: "json",
                success: function (response) {
                    // console.log(response);
                    if (response.status == 404) {
                        $('#success_message').addClass('alert alert-success');
                        $('#success_message').text(response.message);
                        $('.delete_student').text('Yes Delete');
                    } else {
                        $('#success_message').html("");
                        $('#success_message').addClass('alert alert-success');
                        $('#success_message').text(response.message);
                        $('.delete_student').text('Yes Delete');
                        $('#DeleteModal').modal('hide');
                        fetchstudent();
                    }
                }
            });
        });

    });

</script>

@endsection

Step 10: Let's extend the layouts as we have included in our student index.blade.php file as @extends('layouts.app') so, go to following path: resources/views/layouts/app.blade.php : 

<!doctype html>
<html lang="{{ str_replace('_', '-', app()->getLocale()) }}">
<head>
    <meta charset="utf-8">
    <meta name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1">

    <!-- CSRF Token -->
    <meta name="csrf-token" content="{{ csrf_token() }}">

    <title>{{ config('app.name''Laravel'}}</title>

    <link href="{{ asset('frontend/css/bootstrap5.min.css') }}" rel="stylesheet">
    <link href="{{ asset('frontend/css/custom.css') }}" rel="stylesheet">
</head>
<body>
    <div id="app">

        <main class="py-4">
            @yield('content')
        </main>

    </div>

    <!-- Scripts -->
    <script src="{{ asset('frontend/js/jquery-3.6.0.min.js') }}"></script>
    <script src="{{ asset('frontend/js/bootstrap5.bundle.min.js') }}"></script>
    @yield('scripts')

</body>
</html>


Now we have successfully completed with it guys, now lets run the application by following command:

$ php artisan serve

See the output at: http://localhost:8000/students


Thanks for reading...

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