How to Create or Generate Sitemap XML file in Laravel 8

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How to Create or Generate Sitemap XML file in Laravel 8


Laravel 8 dynamic XML sitemap tutorial, we will talk about creating a dynamic sitemap.xml file in the laravel app. Moreover, we also like to describe how to read the sitemap xml file in the laravel application.


Sitemap Archetype:

Here is the logical structure of sitemap file.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<urlset xmlns="http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9" xmlns:xhtml="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
    <urlset>
        <loc>https://www.fundaofwebit.com</loc>
        <lastmod>2021-10-21T17:47:48+00:00</lastmod>
        <changefreq>daily</changefreq>
        <priority>0.8</priority>
    </url>
</urlset>


How to Generate and Read Sitemap XML File in Laravel 8:


Step 1: Install the Laravel 8 Project by following command:

$ composer create-project --prefer-dist laravel/laravel fundaBlog "8.0.*"

Step 2: Setup the Database & Schema string length:

Set up the database connection in your .env file

DB_CONNECTION=mysql
DB_HOST=127.0.0.1
DB_PORT=3306
DB_DATABASE=fundaofwebit
DB_USERNAME=username
DB_PASSWORD=password

Setup your database varchar length by Schema default String Length in the following path: app/Providers/AppServiceProvider.php

<?php

namespace App\Providers;

use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

public function boot()
{
    Schema::defaultStringLength(191);
}

Step 3: Now, Lets create a Model and Migration in laravel 8 for Posts data..

Create a Model as Post as follows:

$ php artisan make:model Post
<?php

namespace App\Models;

use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Factories\HasFactory;
use Illuminate\Database\Eloquent\Model;

class Post extends Model
{
    use HasFactory;

    protected $table = 'posts';

    protected $fillable = [
        'title',
        'slug',
        'description',
    ];
}

Create a Migration as follows:

<?php

use Illuminate\Database\Migrations\Migration;
use Illuminate\Database\Schema\Blueprint;
use Illuminate\Support\Facades\Schema;

class CreatePostsTable extends Migration
{
    /**
     * Run the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function up()
    {
        Schema::create('posts', function (Blueprint $table) {
            $table->id();
            $table->string('title');
            $table->string('slug');
            $table->text('description')->nullable();
            $table->timestamps();
        });
    }

    /**
     * Reverse the migrations.
     *
     * @return void
     */
    public function down()
    {
        Schema::dropIfExists('posts');
    }
}

Step 4: Lets Add some posts or blog in your migrated table. (posts).

Lets Setup the code to Generate the Sitemap in laravel application

Step 5: Lets create a route to generate the sitemap.xml, so go to web.php file and paste the below code:

Route::get('/sitemap.xml', [App\Http\Controllers\SitemapXmlController::class, 'index']);

Step 6: create a controlled named SitemapXmlController.php as follows:

$ php artisan make:controoller SitemapXmlController

and create a function named index as given below:

<?php

namespace App\Http\Controllers;

use App\Models\Post;
use Illuminate\Http\Request;

class SitemapXmlController extends Controller
{
    public function index()
    {
        $posts = Post::all();
        return response()->view('sitemap', [
            'posts' => $posts,
        ])->header('Content-Type', 'text/xml');
    }
}

Step 7: Now guys, we are going to display the Sitemap URL in laravel as given below:

<?php echo '<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>'; ?>
<urlset xmlns="http://www.sitemaps.org/schemas/sitemap/0.9" xmlns:xhtml="http://www.w3.org/1999/xhtml">
    <url>
        <loc>https://www.fundaofwebit.com</loc>
        <lastmod>2021-10-21T17:47:48+00:00</lastmod>
        <changefreq>daily</changefreq>
        <priority>0.8</priority>
    </url>
    @foreach ($posts as $post)
        <url>
            <loc>{{ url('/post/'.$post->slug) }}</loc>
            <lastmod>{{ $post->created_at->tz('UTC')->toAtomString() }}</lastmod>
            <changefreq>weekly</changefreq>
            <priority>0.8</priority>
        </url>
    @endforeach
</urlset>

Step 8: Lets serve the application by the following command:

$ php artisan serve


Thanks for reading..

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